Human Oral Microbiome Taxon Description
Peptostreptococcaceae [XI][G-1] [Eubacterium] infirmum
Human Oral Taxon ID (HOT):105Synonym:
Oral strain W 1417
Status:
Named - Cultured
Type Strain:
NCTC 12940
More info at StrainInfo
Classification:
Domain:Bacteria
Phylum:Firmicutes
Class:Clostridia
Order:Clostridiales
Family:Peptostreptococcaceae [XI]
Genus:Peptostreptococcaceae [XI][G-1]
Species:[Eubacterium] infirmum
NCBI Taxonomy ID:
16S rRNA Sequence:
AF287761  [Entrez Link]
U13039  [Entrez Link]
PubMed Search:0  [PubMed Link]
16S rRNA Alignment: View Alignment         Download Alignment         NoteNucleotide Search:0  [Entrez Nucleotide Link]
Phylogeny: View 16S rRNA tree         View all Tree filesProtein Search:0  [Entrez Protein Link]
Prevalence by Molecular Cloning:
Clones seen = 57 / 34879 = 0.163%
Rank Abundance = 113
Genome Sequence
2 View Genomes
 
Hierarchy Structure:    Hide or show the hierarchy structure
General Information:
Eubacterium infirmum belongs to a phylogenetic cluster distant from Eubacterium limosum, the type species of the genus and is therefore not a member of Eubacterium sensu stricto. Along with many other members of this poorly-defined genus, E. infirmum will be assigned to a novel genus in due course.
Cultivability:
Slow growth on Fastidious Anaerobe Agar + 5% horse blood plates. After 7 days, colonies are approximately 1 mm in diameter, circular, convex and translucent.
Phenotypic Characteristics:
Cells are obligately anaerobic, non-spore-forming, nonmotile, Gram-positive, short rods (0.5 Ám by 1-2 Ám) [1]. Cells occur singly. Asaccharolytic. End-products of metabolism are moderate amounts of acetate and butyrate. The mol% G+C of the DNA is 38.
Prevalence and Source:
Found in the human mouth
Disease Associations:
Isolated from subgingival plaque in periodontitis.
References:
PubMed database:
[1] Cheeseman SL, Hiom SJ, Weightman AJ, Wade WG. Phylogeny of oral asaccharolytic Eubacterium species determined by 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparison and proposal of Eubacterium infirmum sp. nov. and Eubacterium tardum sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1996 Oct;46(4):957-9  [PubMed]
   
Curator:  William Wade
Creation Info:   2007-12-31Latest Modification:  abby,  2009-09-08 11:46:37

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