Human Oral Microbiome Taxon Description
Solobacterium moorei
Human Oral Taxon ID (HOT):678Synonym:
Status:
Named - Cultured
Type Strain:
CIP 106864, JCM 10645
More info at StrainInfo
Classification:
Domain:Bacteria
Phylum:Firmicutes
Class:Erysipelotrichia
Order:Erysipelotrichales
Family:Erysipelotrichaceae
Genus:Solobacterium
Species:moorei
NCBI Taxonomy ID:
16S rRNA Sequence:
AB031058  [Entrez Link]
PubMed Search:28  [PubMed Link]
16S rRNA Alignment: View Alignment         Download Alignment         NoteNucleotide Search:517  [Entrez Nucleotide Link]
Phylogeny: View 16S rRNA tree         View all Tree filesProtein Search:5787  [Entrez Protein Link]
Prevalence by Molecular Cloning:
Clones seen = 20 / 34879 = 0.0573%
Rank Abundance = Tied for 198
Genome Sequence
3 View Genomes
 
Hierarchy Structure:    Hide or show the hierarchy structure
General Information:
Solobacterium moorei is a sufficiently close phylogenetic relative of Bulleidia extructa for the two species to be in the same genus. No formal proposal has yet been made but the name Bulleidia would take precedence by prior publication.
Cultivability:
After 7 days incubation on Fastidious Anaerobe Agar plates (incorporating 5 % horse blood), colonies are 1 mm in diameter, circular, entire, translucent and umbonate. Growth in broth media is markedly stimulated by the addition of 0.5 % Tween 80 in the presence of fermentable sugars.
Phenotypic Characteristics:
Gram-posiitive non-sporing anaerobic bacilli [1]. Cells are short and straight or slightly curved and found singly or in pairs. Strains are saccharolytic fermenting fructose, glucose, maltose and sucrose. Acetate and lactate with trace amounts of succinate are formed as the end-products of metabolism. Arginine is hydrolysed and aesculin hydrolysed by some strains. There is no growth in 20 % bile, hydrogen sulfide and indole are not produced and nitrate is not reduced. Urea is not hydrolysed. The mol % G+C content of the DNA is 37-39.
Prevalence and Source:
Isolated from the human tongue and dental plaque. It is a member of only a relatively small number of species that are found in both the mouth and faeces
Disease Associations:
Has been associated with halitosis [2,3] and other infections of dental origin [4,5]. There are case reports of this organism causing septicaemia and vascular infections of various types.
References:
PubMed database:
[1] Kageyama A, Benno Y. Phylogenic and phenotypic characterization of some Eubacterium-like isolates from human feces: description of Solobacterium moorei Gen. Nov., Sp. Nov. Microbiol Immunol. 2000;44(4):223-7  [PubMed]
[2] Haraszthy VI, Zambon JJ, Sreenivasan PK, Zambon MM, Gerber D, Rego R, Parker C. Identification of oral bacterial species associated with halitosis. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007 Aug;138(8):1113-20  [PubMed]
[3] Kazor CE, Mitchell PM, Lee AM, Stokes LN, Loesche WJ, Dewhirst FE, Paster BJ. Diversity of bacterial populations on the tongue dorsa of patients with halitosis and healthy patients. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Feb;41(2):558-63  [PubMed]
[4] Downes J, Munson MA, Spratt DA, Kononen E, Tarkka E, Jousimies-Somer H, Wade WG. Characterisation of Eubacterium-like strains isolated from oral infections. J Med Microbiol. 2001 Nov;50(11):947-51  [PubMed]
[5] Munson MA, Pitt-Ford T, Chong B, Weightman A, Wade WG. Molecular and cultural analysis of the microflora associated with endodontic infections. J Dent Res. 2002 Nov;81(11):761-6  [PubMed]
   
Curator:  William Wade
Creation Info:   2007-12-28Latest Modification:  abby,  2009-09-08 15:42:06

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