Human Oral Microbiome Taxon Description
Campylobacter showae
Human Microbial Taxon ID:763Body Site:Oral
Status:
Named - Cultured
Synonym:
Type Strain:
ATCC 51146
More info at StrainInfo
Classification:
Domain:Bacteria
Phylum:Proteobacteria
Class:Epsilonproteobacteria
Order:Campylobacterales
Family:Campylobacteraceae
Genus:Campylobacter
Species:showae
NCBI Taxonomy ID:
16S rRNA Reference Sequences:
HOMD RefSeq ID: 763_6974
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Download latest 16S rDNA reference sequences
PubMed Search:18  [PubMed Link]
Nucleotide Search:795  [Entrez Nucleotide Link]
Protein Search:13910  [Entrez Protein Link]
Abundance:
By molecular cloning:
Clones seen = 69 / 34879 = 0.198%
Rank Abundance = Tied for 98
In other datasets:
TBD
Genome Sequence
4 View Genomes
 
Hierarchy Structure:    Hide or show the hierarchy structure
General Information:
Campylobacter showae is a common member of the human oral microbiome.
Cultivability:
Grows best o­n media containing formate and fumarate.  Will grow anaerobically in 80% N2, 10% CO2, 10% H2, or in a jar under microaerophilic conditions provided by a hydrogen and carbon dioxide generator such as GasPack.
Phenotypic Characteristics:
Gram-negative, motile, straight rods.  Cells are 0.5 to 0.8 um wide and 2 to 5 um long with round ends and two to five unipolar flagella.  The flagella are unsheathed.  In general, C. showae strains are catalase positive while C. rectus strains are catalase negative. The G + C content of the DNA is 44-46%. 
Prevalence and Source:

We find that C. showae is more common in our periodontal clone libraries than C. rectus.  Prior to the recognition that the species C. showae is  distinct from C. rectus in 1993 [1],  isolates of either species would have been called C. rectus.  

Disease Associations:

Campylobacter showae is part of Socransky's Orange Complex of organisms which are associated with periodontal disease [2]. 

References:
PubMed database:
[1] Etoh Y, Dewhirst FE, Paster BJ, Yamamoto A, Goto N. Campylobacter showae sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1993 Oct;43(4):631-9  [PubMed]
[2] Socransky SS, Haffajee AD, Cugini MA, Smith C, Kent RL Jr. Microbial complexes in subgingival plaque. J Clin Periodontol. 1998 Feb;25(2):134-44  [PubMed]
[3] Macuch PJ, Tanner AC. Campylobacter species in health, gingivitis, and periodontitis. J Dent Res. 2000 Feb;79(2):785-92  [PubMed]
[4] Haffajee AD, Uzel NG, Arguello EI, Torresyap G, Guerrero DM, Socransky SS. Clinical and microbiological changes associated with the use of combined antimicrobial therapies to treat "refractory" periodontitis. J Clin Periodontol. 2004 Oct;31(10):869-77  [PubMed]
Non-PubMed database:
[5] Etoh Y, Takahashi M, Yamamoto A. Wolinella curva subsp. intermediu subs. nov.: isolated from human gingival crevice. J Showa Univ Dent Soc. 1988 8:162-165  
   
Curator:  Floyd Dewhirst
Creation Info:   Latest Modification:  abby,  2009-09-04 15:01:20

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